Let’s have a look about Italy’s education system!
Education in Italy is compulsory from 6 to 16 years of age, and is divided into five stages: kindergarten, primary school, lower secondary school, upper secondary school, and university. Italy has both public and private education systems.
Primary school is commonly preceded by three years of non-compulsory nursery school, or kindergarten. Primary school lasts five years. Until middle school, the educational curriculum is pretty much the same, regardless of whether the student attends a public or private school: Italian, English, mathematics, natural sciences, history, geography, social studies, physical education and visual and musical arts.
Secondary school lasts 8 years and is divided into two stages: lower secondary school, corresponding to the Middle School grades, lasts three years (age 11-13); upper secondary school, corresponding to the high-school level, lasts five years (age 14-19). At the end of the five years, students are required to take a comprehensive final exam in order to be able to access university. There are three types of upper secondary school: liceo, technical institute and professional institute. Liceo provides a mostly theoretical education, with less emphasis on technical-practical aspects, and offers a specialization in either humanities, languages, science or art. Technical institutes provide both theoretical education and a specialization in a field of studies, such as economy, administration, technology, or tourism. Professional institutes provide education oriented towards practical subjects, such as engineering, agriculture, gastronomy, handicrafts, and enable students to start searching for a job as soon as they have completed their studies, at times after three years rather than five.
The public school system in Italy is free to all regardless of nationality.
After the school you can choose between the higher education in art, music and dance or university. Italy has the oldest university of the world, the University of Bologna, founded around the year 1088.
The first one indicates the training provided by the academies of fine arts, the National Academy of dance, by the National Academy of dramatic art, from High Education School for Art Industry, and music conservatories and musical institutes.
Bachelor’s degree (three years), Master’s degree (two years), PhD (three to five years). There is also the option to enroll in a single cycle, five years, having the same validity of a master’s degree program, for example Architecture or Law.